The Signal has been issued since 1960 by Raimo Kaarna in Lahti, Finland !

Every single penpal listing has been 'composed' by Raimo already for 47 years. He has made the all the lay-outs and printing originals, even printed several issues back in the 60's, at first with a manual Roneo mimeographing machine and two electric Rex Rotary stencil duplicators, in the 70's and 80's with Signal's own Gestetner 200 and 210 offset printing presses.

In the 80's and 90's most Signals were printed on high speed multicolor newspaper web offset presses, like Signal issues 1/2004 and 2/2004. The Signals of late 90's and this century 2000's have been printed mainly with two digital Ricoh Priport duplicators.

At first the texts were written with manual typewriters, later with electric IBM ball typewriters, Varityper cold composing machine, then with IBM 72 and IBM 82 electronic composing machines and Morisawa MC-201 Photo Typesetter headliner... Signal's first computer was Orborne I bought in 1986, later it was upgraded into a Goldstar 286, Tandy 386, Huyndai 90 MHz Pentium, the newest computer is Targa Visionary multimedia pc. The printing originals are made with the computer and laser printers at present, earlier also as pdf-files when web offset printed.

All the Signal magazines printed in the last 49 years - some 382.000 copies - have been stuffed into envelopes and taken to the local post offices just by one man, Raimo Kaarna. Now the work burden has become a bit lighter as the main circulation media is the web, internet, information highway...
This new publishing system also lessens the very expensive and heavy postal expenses a lot. In all the Signal has paid far over US$ 50.000,00 for postage stamps alone, not to mention the high costs for web offset printing, or the ink and paper when printing the Signals myself, envelopes, circulars etc.

Below you see some front pages of the Signal with information about each issue. I hope you'll find this "Signal history" worth reading ! I am showing also the front pages of other mail order and correspondence magazines from the 60's here...

Raimo Kaarna, the publisher



    In 1960-1972 Signal's page number was varying greatly

    1960

    Seven pages in 1960, and I received some 500 letters from the readers...


    SIGNAL issue 1, 1960
    - b&w mimeographed ad sheet
    - 1.000 circulation
    - 1 page, 210x355 mm
    - 30 penpals, collectors
    texts: manual typewriter




    SIGNAL issue 2, 1960
    - b&w mimeographed ad sheet
    - 1.000 circulation
    - 2 pages, 210x297 mm
    - 37 penpals, collectors
    texts: manual typewriter




    SIGNAL issue 3, 1960
    - b&w mimeographed ad sheet
    - 1.000 circulation
    - 2 pages, 210x297 mm
    - 37 penpals, collectors
    texts: manual typewriter




    SIGNAL issue 4, 1960
    - b&w mimeographed ad sheet
    - 1.000 circulation
    - 2 pages, 210x297 mm
    - 35 penpals, collectors
    texts: manual typewriter


    I started keeping records of the incoming mail in August 1960, wrote down the name of the sender and the country from each letter received... In 1960 I received some 500 letters.
    This is real "penpal publishing history" indeed ! - SIGNAL, Raimo Kaarna, the publisher

    * MAIL ORDER MAGAZINES: I received the first copies of the Luft Press USA back in 1960, soon after starting publishing my own Signal. Got mail from Herman P Luft in Hermansville Michigan on August 27 60, Sept 23 60, Nov 11 60, Apr 4 61, April 13 61, etc. He sent me his letter press printed 6x9's magazines, 16-32 pages on paper stock of different colors, several issues, possibly using also the name "Mail Order Booster" or "Mail Order Rooster"...
    * Other famous mail order papers in 1960-61 were for instance "I.M.O.B." from Ceylon, (=International Mail Order Bulletin, ten 9x11" pages, letterpress, on green paper); "Gazette Salesman" (small tabloid, letterpress, 8 pages) by William Shepiro USA; "The Spectator" (6x9" letterpress, 4-8 pages, green paper) by John E Heenan USA...
    * PENPAL & HOBBY MAGAZINES: The most famous co-publishable correspondence magazine was the "Western Heart" by Donald Neal USA, established already in 1926, a fine glossy 16 page 6x8" offset magazine. John McGee was issueing the "Swap Bulletin", later the "Barter Bulletin", 2-page offset printed A4 ad sheet of philatelic exchange ads, I advertised and got fine results.
    * PERSONAL PENFRIENDS AND SWAPPERS: Some of my personal penpals and collector friends in the 1960-61: Gina Mittag DDR, Judy Mann USA, Paul Small USA, Herbert John DDR, Anthony F Hogg USA working in the WHLM radio station - he sent me over 1.000 45rpm records - not for sale disc jockey copies in exchange for postage stamps.

    1961

    In 1961 the Signal contained 16 pages - I received 637 letters from the readers...

    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 5, 1961
    - offset printed in USA, blue paper
    - 1.000 circulation
    - 4 pages, 90x155 mm
    - 27 penpals, collectors, mail order
    texts: varityper



    SIGNAL issue 6, 1961
    - b&w offset printed in Finland
    - 1.000 circulation
    - 4 pages, 105x205 mm
    - 27 penpals, collectors, mail order
    texts: electric typewriter


    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 7, 1961
    - b&w offset
    - 1.000 circulation
    - 4 pages, 148x210 mm
    - 70 penpals, collectors, mail order
    texts: manual typewriter



    SIGNAL issue 8, 1961
    - b&w offset
    - 1.000 circulation
    - 4 pages, 148x210 mm
    - 60 penpals, collectors, mail order
    texts: manual typewriter


    In 1961 I received 637 letters from Signal-readers... Some of the mail described below.
    * MAIL ORDER MAGAZINES: Quarter Advertiser USA, 2-page letter press printed 6x9 ad sheet by Paul Wilson, later publishing also the Popular Advertiser, 6x9 letterpress printed magazine, usually 12-32 pages, co-publishable, on colored paper stock; Mail Order Herald by G S Strong Canada; Popular Leisure Magazine USA, Mail Advertiser Magazine, later called International Trade Advertiser, England, by Victor Norris, 6x9 letter press paper, 16-24 pages, 30.000 circulation; Adventure Studios USA; The McGlone Press USA was specializing in printing 3x6 circulars in 5.000 lots only - I ordered a few sets for the Signal
    * PENPAL & HOBBY MAGAZINES: Myer's Hobby Exchange USA by J Myers; World Wide Stamp & Hobby Club by L Hoffman Canada; The Flying Dutchman Holland; Tait Rendall Scotland; AABSA Spain; Patsales Australia: EXON-club Sweden; Rudolph Kunau West Germany
    * PERSONAL PENFRIENDS AND SWAPPERS: Chaw Mank USA, a filmstar expert and publisher; Jagdish Bhatt South Africa, Jay Stumpf USA - wrote to me again a few years ago; John Muir England; Paul Small USA swapped phono records into stamps.

    1962

    - In 1962 the Signal contained 12 pages and I received 1064 letters

    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 9, 1962
    - offset, pink paper, blue texts
    - 2.500 circulation
    - 4 pages, 148x210 mm
    - 60 penpals, collectors, mail order
    texts: manual typewriter


    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 10, 1962
    - offset, orange paper, black texts
    - 2.500 circulation
    - 4 pages, 148x210 mm
    - 80 penpals, collectors, mail order
    texts: manual typewriter


    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 11, 1962
    - offset, green paper, black texts
    - 4.000 circulation
    - 4 pages, 148x210 mm
    - 90 penpals, collectors, mail order
    texts: manual typewriter


    In 1962 I received 1064 letters from Signal-readers... Some of the most active traders, magazines, publishers, penpals mentioned below.
    * MAIL ORDER MAGAZINES: Windy City Adlets USA 3x6", 5000 circulation; The Concord Economy Ads USA, 6x9", 5000 circulation; Tabloid American USA by Roy Lindberg - real giant among the Mail Order publications, 16-32 offset printed tabloid pages; full page story about the Signal in Aug 1962 issue, bankruptcy after a few issues; Hamilton's Enterprises USA; Progressive Sales USA letterpress printed 6x9 mail order magazine; Sheill USA; Dannington Corporation Ceylon; Tip-Top Classifieds USA; Marconi Publishing Co USA; Robert Thompson in Australia sold Big Mail parcels; Haymes Publications USA; Salesman's Opportunity USA; Radar Poland state's tourism magazine; Bagby USA; Small World Monthly USA; Other Scenes USA by John Wilcocx, underground tabloid; Hamon's Co-Operative Bulletin, Canada, 4-page 6x9 letterpress magazine, publisher J A Hamon; Made in Europe Germany, giant export-import catalog, 500+ multicolor pages;
    * PENPAL & HOBBY MAGAZINES: Amity Japan, 52 page magazine, 12.000 circulation; Peri-Posta New Zealand by John Bilbrough, 2.000 circulation; Jo's Mail Hobby Exchange USA by Jo Stetzt, A4 size 4-page offset paper; Afrika Club South Africa; World Wide USA, well printed 6x9 offset magazine and separate Penny Adlets ad sheet; Latin Phila Peru, 10x14", 8 pages, 5000 circulation; National Stamp News and Linn's Weekly Stamp News USA; Stamp Exchange Canada; Hermes Korrespondenz Germany by Rudolph Kunau, over 1.000 penpals, 5x8 offset magazine; La Garrozza di Posta USA; Interpost W Germany; Phoenix Stamp Exchange Club Tangayika, now Tanzania; Minimag Denmark by Selbert; Coopmans Belgium; Albert Ellul Malta;
    * PERSONAL PENFRIENDS AND SWAPPERS: Pius Gunawardena Ceylon i.e. Sri Lanka; Kuo Wei Yong in Indonesia collected and exchanged stamps in large lots and was selling Bali carvings worldwide. I still have wooden and bone statues from him...

    1963

    In 1963 the Signal contained 8 pages and I received 1251 letters

    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 12, 1963
    - offset, orange paper, black texts
    - 5.000 circulation
    - 4 pages, 148x210 mm
    - 100 penpals, collectors, mail order
    texts: manual typewriter


    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 13, 1963
    - offset, white paper, black texts
    - 5.000 circulation
    - 4 pages, 148x210 mm
    - 100 penpals, the first photos, collectors, mail order
    texts: manual typewriter


    In 1963 I received 1251 letters from Signal-readers... Some of the most active traders, magazines, publishers, penpals mentioned below.
    * MAIL ORDER TRADERS AND MAGAZINES: Popular Talisman Bulletin USA by The H L Lockwood & Co; Brewster Sales USA was selling pocket rubber stamps, gummed name & address labels, letterheads etc - I ordered several items from them; Volz Enterprises USA was publishing trade catalogues; Northwest Service USA published export-import directories; The Mail Trade Enterprise USA; Cosmopolitan USA; World Wide Trade Service USA; J C Zastrow USA was publishing mail order books, went into bankruptcy later; The Voice Press USA; Gazette Salesman USA; Ambassador Record Corporation USA - I bought some 50 LPs from them; Trade Channel Holland, great 32-64 page export-impor tabloid; Fred Easton England took over Victor Norris's International Mail Advertiser magazine
    * PENPAL & HOBBY MAGAZINES: Eureka Italy; Belphila Belgium; Kontakt Holland; Unico Contact Hobby Bulletin USA, Bud West; The Label Advertiser England; Iberia Cultural Filatelica Spain; Internationaler Briefclub W Germany; Free World Publications USA; Il Collezionista Italy; Die Silberdistel W Germany; Ngan Kay Chee Macau; Lou's Adventure News Spain
    * PERSONAL PENFRIENDS AND SWAPPERS: D Turnbull USA; G Boswell-Cumming England; Comparini Cesare Italy; Donald Kinver England; Al Smith USA

    1964

    In 1964 the Signals contained in all 12 pages

    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 14, 1964
    - offset, white paper, black texts
    - 10.000 circulation, 19 co-publishers abroad
    - 8 pages, 170x225 mm
    - 200 penpals, collectors, mail order
    texts: manual typewriter


    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 15, 1964
    - mimeographed paper, electric stencils
    - 1.000 circulation
    - 4 pages, 148x210 mm
    - 50 penpals, collectors, mail order
    texts: manual typewriter


    In 1964 I received mail for instance from these traders, magazines, publishers, penpals:
    * MAIL ORDER TRADERS AND MAGAZINES: D Epifan Publications USA, 6x9 letterpress papers; New Opportunity Advertiser Australia, Robert Thompson;
    * PENPAL & HOBBY MAGAZINES: Southern Readers Circulation India; Fila-Friend Sweden; International Penfriends Directory India, Sarvahit Sadan; Stardust England, Jimmy James, 24 pages; Columba W Germany, G Risch-Verlag, 1000 penpals, 200 photos; ABA Hobby Advertiser Hungary; Venus International India;

    1965

    In 1965 the Signals contained 24 pages and I received 1897 letters from the readers.

    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 16, 1965
    - offset, yellow paper, black texts
    - 5.000 circulation
    - 4 pages, 160x225 mm
    - 70 penpals, collectors, mail order
    texts: manual typewriter


    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 17, 1965
    - mimeographing, red/white paper, black texts
    - 1.000 circulation
    - 20 pages, 210x297 mm
    - 250 penpals, collectors, mail order
    texts: manual typewriter


    In 1965 I received 1897 letters from Signal-readers... Some of the most active traders, magazines, publishers, penpals mentioned below.
    * MAIL ORDER TRADERS AND MAGAZINES: Mail Sale Advertiser USA by Vanroy W Shirk was the greatest mail order magazine available for co-publishers, 6x9, 24-48 pages; Timely Tips USA was the second, 6x9, 16-32 pages, co-publishable; Popular Advertiser USA, by Paul Wilson, 6x9, 16-32 pages, was the third large mail order magazine - and I bought copies these three magazines for resale worldwide. Harry Wood USA had different system, one could buy copies of "My Own Advertiser" from him - Harry was printing several different 3x6 and 6x9 ad sheets in two colors for other traders, with their own Title under their own name. Mandarin Mail Order Int'l Hong Kong; Big Sale Advertiser Canada; Feldman USA; Ralph Kelly USA; Share USA; Popular Mail Canada; Mail World Opportunities USA by Jerry D Stokes, offset printed 6x9 mail order magazine on yellow paper, 4-12 pages; National Photostamps USA - I sold hundreds of sheets of postage stamp size photostamps in Finland on dropship basis; Afrasian Markets India, export-import magazine; Justice Weekly Canada; Reliable Wholesale Distributors USA issued 64-page mail sales catalogue; Prairie Publishing House USA; World Traders Digest Canada;
    * PENPAL & HOBBY MAGAZINES: Kelly-Williams USA was issuing the Cupid's Destiny magazine, 9x12, glossy paper, copublishable - I bought them for resale like the Western Heart, too; Paz y Amistad Spain; Telstar Canada; Club Intercontinental Mexico; CCC Spain; Alhambra Spain, B5-size philatelic magazine, 16-24 pages; The Corydon Insider USA;
    * PERSONAL PENFRIENDS AND SWAPPERS: Joseph Briffa Malta; Volinski USA was an artist, his drawings were issued in the Signal;

    1966

    44 pages in 1966, and I received some 2003 letters from the readers...

    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 18, 1966
    - mimeographing, white paper, red & black texts
    - 1.000 circulation
    - 20 pages, 210x297 mm
    - 400 penpals, collectors, mail order
    texts: manual typewriter



    SIGNAL issue 19, 1966
    - mimeographing, black texts
    - 1.000 circulation
    - 24 pages, 148x210 mm
    - 250 penpals, collectors, mail order
    texts: manual typewriter


    In 1966 I received 2006 letters from Signal-readers... Some of the most active traders, magazines, publishers, penpals mentioned below.
    * MAIL ORDER TRADERS AND MAGAZINES: Progressive Mail Trade USA, 6x9 letterpress, 12-24 pages, co-publishable, publisher Sheboygan Publishing Co.;
    * PENPAL & HOBBY MAGAZINES:
    * PERSONAL PENFRIENDS AND SWAPPERS:

    1967

    112 pages in 1967, and I received some 2361 letters from the readers...

    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 20, 1967
    - mimeographing, white paper, black & red texts
    - 2.000 circulation
    - 40 pages, 148x210 mm
    - 450 penpals, collectors, mail order
    texts: manual typewriter


    SIGNAL issue 21, 1967 - unitedclubs edition
    - mimeographing, white & yellow paper, black texts
    - 2.000 circulation
    - 28 pages, 148x210 mm
    - 1500 penpalsclubs addresses
    texts: manual typewriter
    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 22, 1967
    - 16 pages offset, 5.000 copies
    - 28 pages mimeographed, 2.000 copies
    - 44 pages in all, 148x210 mm
    - 500 penpals, collectors, mail order
    texts: manual typewriter


    1968

    88 pages in 1968, and I received some 3045 letters from the readers... SIGNAL issue 23, 1968
    - 56 pages, b&w sheet offset/mimeographed
    - page size 148x210 mm
    - 500 penpals, collectors, mail order
    texts: manual typewriter



    SIGNAL issue 24, 1968
    - web offset, 10.000 copies
    - 32 pages, 140x210 mm
    - 450 advertisements:
    penpals, collectors, mail order
    texts: manual typewriter




    - in 1969 48 pages

    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 25, 1969
    - web offset, 10.000 copies
    - 24 pages, 215x285 mm
    - 500 ads: penpals and photos, collectors, mail order
    texts: manual typewriter


    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 26, 1969
    - web offset, 10.000 copies
    - 24 pages, 215x285 mm
    - 500 ads: penpals and photos, collectors, mail order
    texts: manual typewriter



    - in 1970 64 pages

    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 27, 1970
    - web offset, 10.000 copies
    - 32 pages, 215x285 mm
    - 1.000 ads: penpals and photos, collectors, mail order
    texts: manual typewriter



    SIGNAL issue 28, 1970
    - web offset, 10.000 copies
    - 32 pages, 215x285 mm
    - 1.000 ads: penpals and photos, collectors, mail order
    texts: manual typewriter


    - in 1971 56 pages

    SIGNAL issue 29, 1971
    - web offset, 10.000 copies
    - 24 pages, 215x285 mm
    - 500 ads: penpals and photos, collectors, mail order
    texts: manual typewriter


    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 30, 1971
    - web offset, 10.000 copies
    - 32 pages, 205x285 mm
    - 500 ads: penpals and photos, collectors, mail order
    texts: manual typewriter



    - in 1972 64 pages...

    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 31, 1972
    - web offset, two colors: black and red
    - 10.000 copies
    - 32 pages, 190x260 mm
    - 500 ads: penpals and photos, collectors, mail order
    texts: manual typewriter


    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 32, 1972
    - 2-color web offset magazine
    - 10.000 circulation
    - 28 pages, 190x265 mm
    - 400 penpals, collectors, clubs
    texts: manual & electric typewriter
    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 33, 1973
    - 2-color web offset magazine
    - 10.000 circulation
    - 28 pages, 190x265 mm
    - 400 penpals, collectors, clubs
    texts: manual & electric typewriter
    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 34, 1973
    - multicolor web offset magazine
    - 10.000 circulation
    - 28 pages, 190x265 mm
    - 400 penpals, collectors, clubs
    texts: manual & electric typewriter
    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 35, 1974
    - b&w offset printed paper
    - 1.000 circulation
    - 36 pages, 175x250 mm
    - 500 penpals, collectors, clubs
    texts: manual & IBM ball typewriter
    printing: publisher's Gestetner 200
    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 36, 1974
    - b&w offset printed paper
    - 1.000 circulation
    - 20 pages, 175x250 mm
    - 300 penpals, collectors, clubs
    texts: manual & IBM ball typewriter
    printing: publisher's Gestetner 200
    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 39, 1975
    - 2-color offset printed paper
    - 1.000 circulation
    - 24 pages, 148x210 mm
    - 300 penpals, collectors, clubs
    texts: manual & IBM ball typewriter
    printing: publisher's Gestetner 200

    1977

    - 16 pages in 1977

    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 43, 1977
    - b&w offset printed paper
    - 1.000 circulation
    - 16 pages, 148x210 mm
    - 150 penpals, collectors, clubs
    texts: manual & IBM ball typewriter
    printing: publisher's Gestetner 200


    1978

    - 56 pages in 1978

    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 47, 1978
    - b&w offset printed paper
    - 1.000 circulation
    - 20 pages, 148x210 mm
    - 300 penpals, collectors, clubs
    texts: Varityper & IBM 82 composer
    printing: publisher's Gestetner 200


    larger photo
    700 Penpals Worldwide 1978
    Signal' special editions

    - b&w offset printed paper
    - 1.000 circulation
    - 16 pages, 148x210 mm
    - 700 penpal listings
    texts: Varityper & IBM 82 composer
    printing: publisher's Gestetner 200
    larger photo
    Worldwide Club Directory 1978
    Signal' special editions

    - b&w offset printed paper
    - 1.000 circulation
    - 20 pages, 148x210 mm
    - 200 penpal club listings
    texts: Varityper & IBM 82 composer
    printing: publisher's Gestetner 200

    1979

    - 12 pages in 1979

    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 50, 1979
    - 3-color web offset tabloid
    - 5.000 circulation
    - 12 pages, 290x410 mm
    - 350 ads, photos
    texts: IBM 72 and IBM 82 electronic composers


    1980

    - 16 pages in 1980

    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 52, 1980
    - multicolor web offset tabloid
    - 5.000 circulation
    - 16 pages, 290x410 mm
    - 350 ads, photos
    texts: IBM 82 electronic composer, Morisawa MC-201 Photo Typesetter



    SIGNAL issue 53, 1980

    1981

    - 16 pages in 1981

    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 54, 1981
    - multicolor web offset tabloid
    - 5.000 circulation
    - 16 pages, 290x410 mm
    - 670 ads, photos
    texts: IBM 82 electronic composer, Morisawa MC-201 Photo Typesetter



    SIGNAL issue 55, 1981

    1982

    - 36 pages in 1982

    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 56, 1982
    - multicolor web offset tabloid
    - 5.000 circulation
    - 20 pages, 290x410 mm
    - 900 ads, photos
    texts: IBM 82 electronic composer, Morisawa MC-201 Photo Typesetter


    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 57, 1982
    - multicolor web offset tabloid
    - 5.000 circulation
    - 16 pages, 290x410 mm
    - 962 ads, photos
    texts: IBM 82 electronic composer, Morisawa MC-201 Photo Typesetter

    1983

    - 16 pages in 1983

    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 58, 1983
    - multicolor web offset tabloid
    - 5.000 circulation
    - 16 pages, 290x410 mm
    - 700 ads, photos
    texts: IBM 82 electronic composer, Morisawa MC-201 Photo Typesetter


    1984

    - 24 pages in 1984

    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 60, 1984
    - multicolor web offset tabloid
    - 5.000 circulation
    - 24 pages, 290x410 mm
    - 1.700 ads, 200 photos
    texts: IBM 82 electronic composer, Morisawa MC-201 Photo Typesetter


    1985

    - 64 pages in 1985

    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 61, 1985
    - multicolor web offset tabloid
    - 5.000 circulation
    - 24 pages, 290x410 mm
    - 1.500 ads, 230 photos
    texts: IBM 82 electronic composer, Morisawa MC-201 Photo Typesetter


    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 62, 1985
    - multicolor web offset tabloid
    - 5.000 circulation
    - 40 pages, 290x410 mm
    - 1.700 ads, 300 photos
    texts: IBM 82 electronic composer, Morisawa MC-201 Photo Typesetter
    This giant multicolor tabloid Signal was propably the largest international penpal magazine ever printed anywhere !!!!!

    1986

    - 64 pages in 1986

    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 63, 1986
    - multicolor web offset magazine
    - 8.000 circulation
    - 64 pages, 190x265 mm
    - 1.700 ads, 330 photos
    texts: IBM 72 and IBM 82 electronic composers, Osborne I computer and Canon AP400 electric typewriter
    This issue still available, a collector's piece, only US$ 2, 2, 4 IRCs postpaid.


    1987

    - 64 pages in 1987, and I received 4319 letters from the readers... larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 64, 1987
    - b&w web offset magazine
    - 5.000 circulation
    - 64 pages, 190x265 mm
    - 1.110 ads, 250 photos
    texts: IBM 72 and IBM 82 electronic composers, Osborne I computer and Canon AP400 electric typewriter

    SIGNAL issue 65, 1987

    1988

    - 40 pages in 1988

    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 66, 1988
    - b&w photocopy magazine
    - 40 pages, 190x265 mm
    - 1.000 ads, 400 photos
    texts: IBM 72 and IBM 82 electronic composers, Osborne I computer and Canon AP400 electric typewriter


    1989

    - 32 pages in 1989

    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 67, 1989
    - photocopy, 2 different editions
    - 16 pages, 210x297 mm
    - 398 ads, 147 photos
    texts: IBM 72 and IBM 82 electronic composers, Osborne I computer and Canon AP400 electric typewriter


    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 68, 1989
    - photocopy
    - 16 pages, 210x297 mm
    - 429 ads, 214 photos
    texts: IBM 72 and IBM 82 electronic composers, Osborne I computer and Canon AP400 electric typewriter

    1990

    - 72 pages in 1990

    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 69, 1990
    - b&w sheet offset printed paper
    - 2.000 circulation
    - 32 pages, 170x240 mm
    - 700 penpal papers and clubs
    texts: Goldstar 286 and laserprinter


    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 70, 1990
    - b&w sheet offset printed paper
    - 2.000 circulation
    - 40 pages, 170x240 mm
    - 818 penpals, 129 photos
    texts: Goldstar 286 and laserprinter

    1991

    - 48 pages in 1991

    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 71, 1991
    - b&w sheet offset printed paper
    - 2.000 circulation
    - 36 pages, 170x240 mm
    - 920 penpals, 246 photos
    texts: Goldstar 286 and laserprinter


    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 72, 1991
    - b&w broadsheet offset paper
    - 5.000 circulation
    - 4 pages, 350x500 mm
    - 800 penpals, 150 photos
    texts: Goldstar 286 and laserprinter
    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 73, 1991
    - b&w broadsheet offset paper
    - 5.000 circulation
    - 4 pages, 350x500 mm
    - 500 penpals, 60 photos
    texts: Goldstar 286 and laserprinter
    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 74, 1992
    Worldwide Club Directory 1991-92

    - b&w broadsheet offset paper
    - 5.000 circulation
    - 4 pages, 350x500 mm
    - 500 penpal papers and clubs
    texts: Goldstar 286 and laserprinter

    1992

    - 16 pages in 1992

    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 75, 1992
    - b&w broadsheet offset paper
    - 5.000 circulation
    - 4 pages, 350x500 mm
    - 500 penpals, photos
    texts: Goldstar 286 and laserprinter


    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 76, 1992
    - b&w broadsheet offset paper
    - 5.000 circulation
    - 4 pages, 350x500 mm
    - 300 penpals, photos
    texts: Goldstar 286 and laserprinter
    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 77, 1992
    - b&w broadsheet offset paper
    - 5.000 circulation
    - 4 pages, 350x500 mm
    - 400 penpals, photos
    texts: Goldstar 286 and laserprinter
    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 78, 1992
    Worldwide Club Directory 1993

    - b&w broadsheet offset paper
    - 5.000 circulation
    - 4 pages, 350x500 mm
    - 500 penpals clubs
    texts: Goldstar 286 and laserprinter

    1993

    - 40 pages in 1993

    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 79, 1993
    - b&w tabloid offset paper
    - 5.000 circulation
    - 8 pages, 250x340 mm
    - 500 penpals, photos
    texts: Goldstar 286 and laserprinter


    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 80, 1993
    - b&w tabloid offset paper
    - 5.000 circulation
    - 24 pages, 250x340 mm
    - 1.400 penpals, 200 photos
    texts: Goldstar 286 and laserprinter
    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 81, 1993
    Worldwide Club Directory 1994

    - b&w tabloid offset paper
    - 5.000 circulation
    - 8 pages, 250x340 mm
    - 650 penpalclubs
    texts: Goldstar 286 and laserprinter

    1994

    - 40 pages in 1994


    SIGNAL issue 82, 1994
    - 2-color web offset magazine
    - 5.000 circulation
    - 40 pages, 195x280 mm
    - 1.500 penpals, photos
    texts: Goldstar 286 and laserprinter


    1995

    - 68 pages in 1995

    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 83, 1995
    - 2-color web offset magazine
    - 5.000 circulation
    - 32 pages, 195x280 mm
    - 1.150 penpals, photos
    texts: computer and laserprinter


    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 85, 1995
    - 2-color offset/digital duplicating
    - 1.000 circulation
    - 36 pages, 167x240 mm
    - 900 penpals, 150 photos
    texts: computer and laserprinter
    printing: publisher's Ricoh Priport
    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 86e, 1996
    - computer disk
    - 2.000 penpals, 150 photos
    texts: computer

    1996

    - 100 pages in 1996


    SIGNAL issue 87, 1996
    - worldwide club directory

    - 48 pages, 195x280 mm
    - 500 penpals clubs
    texts: computer and laserprinter
    printing: publisher's Ricoh Priport


    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 88, 1996
    - digitally duplicated magazine
    - 1.000 circulation
    - 52 pages, 115x290 mm
    - 1.000 penpals, 120 photos
    texts: computer and laserprinter
    printing: publisher's Ricoh Priport

    1997

    - 64 pages in 1997

    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 91, 1997
    - digitally duplicated magazine
    - 1.000 circulation
    - 20 pages, 180x260 mm
    - 500 penpals, photos
    texts: computer and laserprinter
    printing: publisher's Ricoh Priport


    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 92, 1997
    - digitally duplicated magazine
    - 1.000 circulation
    - 20 pages, 180x260 mm
    - 420 penpals, photos
    texts: computer and laserprinter
    printing: publisher's Ricoh Priport
    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 93, 1997
    - digitally duplicated magazine
    - 1.000 circulation
    - 24 pages, 180x260 mm
    - 200 penpals, photos
    texts: computer and laserprinter
    printing: publisher's Ricoh Priport

    1998

    - 136 pages in 1998

    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 1, 1998
    - digitally duplicated magazine
    - 1.000 circulation
    - 24 pages, 180x260 mm
    - 200 penpals, photos
    texts: computer and laserprinter
    printing: publisher's Ricoh Priport


    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 2, 1998
    - digitally duplicated magazine
    - 1.000 circulation
    - 24 pages, 180x260 mm
    - 200 penpals, photos
    texts: computer and laserprinter
    printing: publisher's Ricoh Priport
    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 3, 1998
    - digitally duplicated magazine
    - 1.000 circulation
    - 20 pages, 180x260 mm
    - 200 penpals, photos
    texts: computer and laserprinter
    printing: publisher's Ricoh Priport
    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 4, 1998
    - digitally duplicated magazine
    - 1.000 circulation
    - 20 pages, 180x260 mm
    - 200 penpals, photos
    texts: computer and laserprinter
    printing: publisher's Ricoh Priport
    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 5, 1998
    - digitally duplicated magazine
    - 1.000 circulation
    - 24 pages, 180x260 mm
    - 315 penpals, photos
    texts: computer and laserprinter
    printing: publisher's Ricoh Priport
    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 6, 1998
    - digitally duplicated magazine
    - 1.000 circulation
    - 24 pages, 180x260 mm
    - 338 penpals, photos
    texts: computer and laserprinter
    printing: publisher's Ricoh Priport

    1999

    - 64 pages in 1999

    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 1, 1999
    - 3-color digitally duplicated magazine
    - 1.000 circulation
    - 16 pages, 210x297 mm
    - 300 penpals, a few photos
    texts: computer and laserprinter
    printing: publisher's Ricoh Priport


    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 2, 1999
    - 3-color digitally duplicated magazine
    - 1.000 circulation
    - 16 pages, 210x297 mm
    - 300 penpals, a few photos
    texts: computer and laserprinter
    printing: publisher's Ricoh Priport
    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 3, 1999
    - 3-color digitally duplicated magazine
    - 1.000 circulation
    - 16 pages, 210x297 mm
    - 300 penpals, a few photos
    texts: computer and laserprinter
    printing: publisher's Ricoh Priport
    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 4, 1999
    - 2-color digitally duplicated magazine
    - 1.000 circulation
    - 16 pages, 210x297 mm
    - 300 penpals, photos
    texts: computer and laserprinter
    printing: publisher's Ricoh Priport
    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 5, 1999
    - 2-color digitally duplicated magazine
    - 1.000 circulation
    - 16 pages, 210x297 mm
    - 300 penpals, photos
    texts: computer and laserprinter
    printing: publisher's Ricoh Priport
    larger photo
    SIGNAL 99E-1999
    - computer disk magazine

    - 2.000 penpals

    1999-2000

    - 96 pages in 2000 and a disk edition, too

    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 5/1999-1/2000
    - 2-color digitally duplicated magazine
    - 1.000 circulation
    - 16 pages, 210x297 mm
    - 383 penpals, photos
    texts: computer and laserprinter
    printing: publisher's Ricoh Priport



    SIGNAL 2000E-1999
    - computer disk magazine

    - 2.000 penpals
    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 2, 2000
    - 2-color digitally duplicated magazine
    - 1.000 circulation
    - 16 pages, 210x297 mm
    - 350 penpals, photos
    texts: computer and laserprinter
    printing: publisher's Ricoh Priport
    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 3, 2000
    - 2-color digitally duplicated magazine
    - 1.000 circulation
    - 16 pages, 210x297 mm
    - 350 penpals, photos
    texts: computer and laserprinter
    printing: publisher's Ricoh Priport
    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 4, 2000
    - 2-color digitally duplicated magazine
    - 1.000 circulation
    - 16 pages, 210x297 mm
    - 350 penpals, photos
    texts: computer and laserprinter
    printing: publisher's Ricoh Priport
    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 5, 2000
    - 2-color digitally duplicated magazine
    - 1.000 circulation
    - 16 pages, 210x297 mm
    - 350 penpals, photos
    texts: computer and laserprinter
    printing: publisher's Ricoh Priport
    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 6, 2000
    - 2-color digitally duplicated magazine
    - 1.000 circulation
    - 16 pages, 210x297 mm
    - 350 penpals, photos
    texts: computer and laserprinter
    printing: publisher's Ricoh Priport

    2001

    - 80 pages in 2001

    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 1, 2001
    - 2-color digitally duplicated magazine
    - 1.000 circulation
    - 16 pages, 210x297 mm
    - 350 penpals, photos
    texts: computer and laserprinter
    printing: publisher's Ricoh Priport


    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 2, 2001
    - 2-color digitally duplicated magazine
    - 1.000 circulation
    - 16 pages, 210x297 mm
    - 400 penpals, photos
    texts: computer and laserprinter
    printing: publisher's Ricoh Priport
    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 3, 2001
    - 2-color digitally duplicated magazine
    - 1.000 circulation
    - 16 pages, 210x297 mm
    - 400 penpals, photos
    texts: computer and laserprinter
    printing: publisher's Ricoh Priport
    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 4, 2001
    - 2-color digitally duplicated magazine
    - 1.000 circulation
    - 16 pages, 210x297 mm
    - 400 penpals, photos
    texts: computer and laserprinter
    printing: publisher's Ricoh Priport
    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 5, 2001
    - 2-color digitally duplicated magazine
    - 1.000 circulation
    - 16 pages, 210x297 mm
    - 400 penpals, photos
    texts: computer and laserprinter
    printing: publisher's Ricoh Priport

    2002

    - 32 pages in 2002

    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 1, 2002
    - 2-color digitally duplicated magazine
    - 1.000 circulation
    - 16 pages, 210x297 mm
    - 350 penpals, photos
    texts: computer and laserprinter
    printing: publisher's Ricoh Priport


    larger photo
    SIGNAL issue 2, 2002
    - 2-color digitally duplicated magazine
    - 1.000 circulation
    - 16 pages, 210x297 mm
    - 400 penpals, photos
    texts: computer and laserprinter
    printing: publisher's Ricoh Priport

    2004

    - 14 pages in 2004


    SIGNAL issue 1 and 2, 2004
    - multicolor web offset tabloid
    - 10.000 circulation
    - 4 pages in both issues, 290x410 mm
    - 350-400 penpals in each
    texts: computer and laserprinter
    Buy these two issues for only US$ 5, Euro 5 or 10 IRCs postpaid


    SIGNAL issue 3, 4 and 5, 2005
    - digitally duplicated b&w adsheets
    - 2 pages each, 297x420 mm
    - 100 penpals in each
    texts: computer and laserprinter


    2005

    - 6 pages in 2005


    SIGNAL issue 1, 2005
    SIGNAL issue 2, 2005
    SIGNAL issue 3, 2005
    - digitally duplicated b&w adsheets
    - 2 pages each, 297x420 mm
    - 100 penpals in each
    texts: computer and laserprinter



    2006

    - 16 pages in 2006 by now...


    SIGNAL PENPAL MAGAZINE
    issue 1, 2006 * volume 47

    - b&w digitally duplicated magazine
    - 16 pages, size 210x297 mm
    - 461 penpals, 63 photos
    texts: computer and laserprinter
    printing: publisher's Ricoh Priport
    issueance date: February 20, 2006
    sample copy: US$ 5, Euro 5 or 10 International Reply Coupons
    (from your post offices worldwide) postpaid by surface mail, airmail US$ 1, Euro 1 or 2 IRCs extra.
    SIGNAL-i06, Box 150, FI-15111 Lahti, FINLAND


    This page will be continued later as I have time...
    More photos, more history of penpal publishing.
    Also other international penpal papers' photos will be seen here in the future.

    Raimo Kaarna, the publisher
    YOUR COMMENTS ON THE SIGNAL BELOW, PLEASE !!!!